Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary 2009 Accomplishments Report. Download a copy of the report to read all about the good things we did last year! (pdf, 620KB)
FBNMS brochure: The signature brochure for the site.
National Marine Sanctuary brochure: English and Samoan versions describing the program (outdated, but still available).
Our Fragile Coral Reef: English and Samoan versions. Describes the coral reef and the threats to the reef; how to protect the reef. Recently revised.
Program poster (out of print) featuring interpretation of site, photos and turtle and shark motif. English and Samoan.
Tenth anniversary poster (out of print) featuring a portion of a coral reef painting that was used for an interpretive sign now posted in the National Park of American Samoa Visitor's Center. (Limited edition of 1996 only).
Program poster: Similar in design to 10th anniversary poster.
Pacific Coral Reef Coloring Book (1997): Text by Katherine Orr, Nancy Daschbach, Allen Tom; Translations by Punipuao Lagai-Nagalapadi, Kanela MacGregor and Carol Silva; illustrations by Katherine Orr, Nancy Daschbach and Margaret Barnaby. English, Samoan and Hawaiian text.
Draft Environmental Impact Satement and Management Plan for the Proposed Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary (October 1983): Prepared by the Sanctuary Programs Division of the Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, and the Development Planning Office of the American Samoa Government.
Final Environmental Impact Statement and Management Plan for the Proposed Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary (1984): Prepared by the Sanctuary Programs Division of the Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, and the Development Planning Office of the American Samoa Government. ( 13 MB)
A Brief Bibliography of Scientific Literature:
American Samoa and
National Marine Sanctuary
(Pdfs are available for most publications. Click on the link to download or go to a website to download.)
Birkeland, C. E., R.H. Randall, R.C. Wass, B. Smith, and S. Wilkins. 1987. Biological Resource Assessment of the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary. NOAA Technical Memorandum Number 3. ( 5.8MB)
Birkeland, C., et al. 1994. Coral and reef-fish assessment of FBNMS. Rpt to NOAA. 126 pp. ( 4MB)
Birkeland, C.E., P. Craig, G., Davis, A. Edward, Y. Golbuu, J. Higgins, J. Gutierrez, N Idechong, J. Maragos, K. Miller, G. Paulay, R. Richmond, A. Tafileichig, and D. Turgeon. 2000. Status of coral Reefs of American Samoa and Micronesia: US-affiliated Freely Associated Islands of the Pacific. pp. 199-217. In: Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2000. Clive Wilkerson (ed.). Australian Institute of Marine Science. 376 pp.
Birkeland, Charles, U.S. Geological Survey, and David Fisk. Unpublished material. Status of Coral Communities in American Samoa: A Re-survey of Long-term Monitoring Sites in 2002 (NODC Accession 0001470). ( 3.6MB)
Birkeland, C., Randall, R., Green, A., Smith, B., and Wilkins, S. 2003. Changes in the coral reef communities of Fagatele Bay NMS and Tutuila Island (American Samoa), 1982-1995. Fagatele Bay. National Marine Sanctuary Science Series. Pago Pago, AS. p. 237. ( 684KB).
Birkeland, C., A. Green, C. Mundy, and K. Miller. 2004. Long term monitoring of Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary and Tutuila Island (American Samoa) 1985 to 2001: summary of surveys conducted in 1998 and 2001. Prepared for NOAA’s Office of National Marine Sanctuaries and the American Samoa Department of Commerce, Environment Division. 158 pp. ( 1MB).
Van Tilburg, H. 2007. American Samoa Maritime Heritage Inventory. Pacific Islands Region, Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 64 pp. ( 3.1MB).
Birkeland, C., P. Craig, D. Fenner, L. Smith, W.E. Kiene, and B. Riegl. 2008. Geologic Setting and Ecological Functioning of Coral Reefs in American Samoa. In: Coral Reefs of the USA. Riegl, B.M. and R.E. Dodge (eds.). p. 741-765.
Brainard R.E., J. Asher, J. Gove, J. Helyer, J. Kenyon, F. Mancini, J. Miller, S. Myhre, M. Nadon, J. Rooney, et al. 2008. Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Report for American Samoa: 2002-2006. NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, PIFSC Special Publication SP-08-002, 472 p. +App.
Fenner, D., M. Speicher, S. Gulick, et al. 2008. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of American Samoa. pp. 307-351. In: The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2008. J.E. Waddell and A.M. Clarke (eds.) NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 73. NOAA/NCCOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment’s Biogeography Team. Silver Spring, MD. 569 pp. ( 3.8MB).
Fenner, D., A. Green, C. Birkeland, C. Squair, and B. Carroll. 2008. Long term monitoring of Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary, Tutuila Island, American Samoa: results of surveys conducted in 2007/8, including a re-survey of the historic Aua Transect. Prepared for NOAA’s Office of National Marine Sanctuaries and the American Samoa Department of Commerce, Environment Division. 58 pp. ( 616KB).
Green, A.L., C.E. Birkeland, and R.H. Randall. 1999. Twenty Years of Disturbance and Change in Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary, American Samoa. Pacific Science. Vol. 53, no. 4: 376-400.
McArdle, B. 2003. Report: Statistical Analyses for Coral Reef Advisory Group ( 532KB).